Country Profile: Mongolia


Famine funds are making a real impact for children and families – helping to feed and care for hungry kids across the globe. This year, you can designate your Famine funds to several different countries around the world. We’ll highlight some of these places in our upcoming Country Profile posts. You’ll get a brief, but interesting look at each country, learn about it’s unique culture, and see how World Vision has been making a difference for the hungry children and families who live there.

Mongolia is located between China and Russia and is just slightly smaller than Alaska.


 Population: 3,133,318

Religion: Buddhist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40%

Area: 1,564,116 sq km

Terrain: Vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central

Language: Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian

The main Mongolian livelihood is livestock, especially in countryside, but the harsh climate is challenging for survival of their animals. ©2010 World Vision


Mongolia is located between China and Russia and is just slightly smaller than Alaska. It is made up of nomadic tribes, meaning most of the people don’t have a permanent home and move around depending on the season.

Popular Sports: Horse racing, archery, and wrestling

Language: Khalkha Mongol

Games: Chess and checkers

Food: Meat and dairy make up the bulk of the Mongolian diet and common dishes include meat filled dumplings [buuz], and mutton soup with noodles, [guriltai shul].

Best known for: Mongolians are known for their love of singing and dancing. The horse fiddle, called the morin khuur, is a traditional bowed stringed instrument that is used in most of their music.

World Vision has created opportunities for students like these to take part in musical instruction. ©2007 World Vision

World Vision’s Work:

World Vision began working in Mongolia in 1991, providing much-needed medical supplies to help clinics and hospitals that were facing a shortage of drugs and medicines. Two years later, World Vision began emergency relief work following severe snowstorms, helping provide basic necessities to more than 21,000 people. Today, World Vision operates 32 development projects, and sponsors nearly 80,000 children in Mongolia.

In recent years, blizzards have laid blankets of snow across the region, preventing livestock from grazing. The loss of livestock, a crucial food source in Mongolia, has contributed to the country’s sever food shortages.

Horse racing is a popular sport in Mongolia. ©2010 World Vision


Fun Facts:

  • The Great Wall of China was built to keep nomads (many from Mongolia) from stealing China’s crops.
  • Most Mongolian families live in Yurts, which are circular, wooden frames, with a felt cover.
  • Sheep anklebones are used in many Mongolian games as dice or tokens.
  • Mongolia is the second largest landlocked country in the world but it is the least densely populated.

Most families live in yurts, like this one. ©2009 World Vision

Now that you know more about Mongolia, you can designate your Famine funds to Mongolia this year and make a lasting impact by providing much needed food and nutrition to children and families.